The city of Bordeaux.

Bordeaux is a city, a region, and a wine. Composed of numerous districts, Bordeaux produces a variety of red and white wines. Usually a blend, red Bordeaux is primarily made from Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, and to a lesser degree Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc and Malbec. White Bordeaux is made from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle.

Chateau Pichon Longueville Baron

Inside the cellar of Chateau Mouton Rothschild.

The vineyard of Chateau Calon Segur.

The 1855 Bordeaux Classification

In 1855, at the behest of Napoleon III, negotiants of France’s wine industry devised a classification system for ranking the Chateaux of Bordeaux. With one exception, all of the chateaux hail from the Medoc, Bordeaux’s premier wine producing region. The Medoc is further subdivided into various appellations. Of the thousands of chateaux, only 61 made it into the classification system, a hierarchical ranking of five levels known as “growths.”  They are, from highest to lowest, first through fifth growth.


Château Lafite-Rothschild, Pauillac

Château Latour, Pauillac

Château Margaux, Margaux 

Château Haut-Brion, Pessac-Leognan

Château Mouton Rothschild, Pauillac


Château Rauzan-Ségla, Margaux 

Château Rauzan-Gassies, Margaux 

Château Léoville-Las Cases, St.-Julien 

Château Léoville-Poyferré, St.-Julien 

Château Léoville Barton, St.-Julien 

Château Durfort-Vivens, Margaux 

Château Gruaud-Larose, St.-Julien 

Château Lascombes, Lascombes 

Château Brane-Cantenac, Margaux 

Château Pichon Longueville Baron, Pauillac 

Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande, Pauillac 

Château Ducru-Beaucaillou, St.-Julien 

Château Cos d'Estournel, St.-Estèphe 

Château Montrose, St.-Estèphe


Château Kirwan, Margaux

Château d'Issan, Margaux 

Château Lagrange, St.-Julien 

Château Langoa Barton, St.-Julien 

Château Giscours, Margaux

Château Malescot St. Exupery, Margaux 

Château Cantenac-Brown, Margaux

Château Boyd-Cantenac, Margaux 

Château Palmer, Margaux

Château La Lagune, Haut-Medoc

Château Desmirail, Margaux 

Château Calon-Ségur, St.-Estèphe 

Château Ferriere, Margaux 

Château Marquis d'Alesme Becker, Margaux


Château Saint-Pierre, St.-Julien 

Château Talbot, St.-Julien 

Château Branaire-Ducru, St.-Julien 

Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild, Pauillac 

Château Pouget, Margaux 

Château La Tour Carnet, Haut-Médoc

Château Lafon-Rochet, St.-Estèphe 

Château Beychevelle, St.-Julien 

Château Prieuré-Lichine, Margaux 

Château Marquis de Terme, Margaux


Château Pontet-Canet, Pauillac 

Château Batailley, Pauillac 

Château Haut-Batailley, Pauillac 

Château Haut-Bages-Liberal, Pauillac 

Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste, Pauillac 

Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse, Pauillac 

Château Lynch-Bages, Pauillac 

Château Lynch-Moussas, Pauillac 

Château Dauzac, Margaux

Château d'Armailhac , Pauillac 

Château du Tertre, Margaux

Château Pedesclaux, Pauillac 

Château Belgrave, Haut-Médoc

Château de Camensac, Haut-Médoc

Château Cos Labory, St.-Estèphe 

Château Clerc-Milon, Pauillac 

Château Cantemerle, Haut-Médoc

Château Croizet Bages, Pauillac